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Tuesday, March 31, 2015

Chicken Capsizes Boat

Racine County Sheriff water patrol officers responded to rescue calls for a capsized boat off the mouth of the Root River near the Racine Yacht club. Responding officers at the scene found a chicken floundering in the water in near the boat.  The distressed chicken was retrieved out of the water by Racine County Sheriff Deputy Water patrolman Dan Hogan.  “There were no other survivors” stated Deputy Dan Hogan, who retrieved the capsized boat and its two occupants.
The identity of the two victims is being withheld pending notification of relatives.
Officers stated that water appeared to be a factor in the two drowning victims.
No further details are available at this time..

Racine County Sheriff Chris Schmaling reminded boaters that not all flying birds over the water are seagulls, and to be vigilant to the threat of domesticated terrorist such as chickens.
That’s all Folks
(April Fools)

Sunday, March 29, 2015

The Privilege of POWER
When the Racine Journal Times favors a commentary, they keep the commentary actively posted for a long time.
When a reader replies and exposes an unwanted truth to their favored commentary, the Racine Journal Times archives the commentary or removes it altogether.  Remember, that is their privilege of being in business, but it isn't good business.

The below letter to the Racine Journal Times by Judge Gasiorkiewicz was removed in less than 24 hours, being archived shortly after my reply.  Anybody wish to speculate why?

IN Racine Government, it pays to be corrupt !

Saturday, March 28, 2015


Torhorst                                                                   Seifert

Branch 9
Judicial Candidates attended a judicial forum presented by the Racine NAACP and the African American Roundtable at the Wheaton Franciscan auditorium on Saturday morning.  The public had the opportunity to ask questions, voice concerns and continue the vetting process of the Racine County Circuit Court Judicial candidates.
Much to RCC's dismay, perhaps 20 members of the public attended this very important forum.

Branch nine is currently headed by incumbent judge Allen Torhorst.
Judge Torhorst is currently the Chief Judge presiding over all the judges of Judicial Branch 2.

Challenger Joseph Seifert has a private law practice, practicing in Criminal, Family, Civil and Immigration. 
Read more @

RCC will finish vetting
Racine's Judicial candidates branch 6 and 9
and announce endorsements early next week.

Friday, March 27, 2015

Judicial Forum

Racine County Circuit Court Candidates

**********This morning**********
March 28th. 2015
11 am - 1 pm
Wheaton Franciscan Auditorium
3801 Spring Street, Racine Wi.

At 11 am to 1 pm , Racine County Judicial candidates were invited to interact with the public.

The public had another chance for vetting a candidate before the elections.

A strictly enforced allotment of time was provided to each candidate to answer a question, often the candidates were being cut off before finishing the answer. 

The audience's questions to the candidates included aspects of legalizing marijuana.  

Candidates faced no tough questions by the audience.

Three of the five candidates engaged in a Snagglepuss move of stage left-exit right immediately following the forum, avoiding any further discussions with the public.

Two candidates remained to further discuss their presented views to the public.

The forum was hosted by the Racine NAACP 
and the African American Roundtable.

If you wanted to know more, you should have attended.

RCC continues to vet the candidates and is waiting for final responses from two of the candidates.  RCC will announce our recommendations early next week.

Thursday, March 26, 2015

The following questions have been 
forwarded to the 
Racine County Circuit Court
 judicial candidates of branch 6 and 9.

Judge Torhorst- incumbent
Judge Paulson
Attorney Patricia Hanson
Attorney Joseph Seifert

Greetings from RCC;

We are currently vetting the judicial candidates for the Racine County Circuit Court System.
Your responses may help us determine who is best qualified to serve before the public.
In consideration of your pursuit to become a Racine County Circuit Court Judge, please review and address our presented concerns of existing agency/regulatory law, and other issues and questions.
Most of you know of me and understand that I consider the lack of veracity epidemic in the Racine County Circuit Court System.  Today I present concerns and questions that involve constitutional issues that are neglected by numerous governmental agencies and members of our government.

“Rights neglected are rights lost”

Substantive Due Process concerns.
Extensively Protected Federal Liberty and Property Interests–

  “This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof;...shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or laws of any State to the Contrary not one word withstanding.  “U.S. Constitution, Art. VI.

"The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution... [.]" U.S. Constitution, Art. VI.

"The assertion of federal rights, when plainly and reasonably made, is not to be defeated under the name of local practice." Davis v. Wechsler, 263 US 22, 24 (1923). "Where rights secured by the Constitution are involved, there can be no rule making or legislation which would abrogate them." Miranda v. Arizona, 384 US 436, 491 (1966).

At Wis. Const. Art. I, Section 1, the liberty interest of citizens is recognized in the Wisconsin Constitution. See also State v. Hazen, 198 Wis. 2d 554, 559, 543 N.W.2d 503 (Ct. App. 1995) ("The due process clause protects interests in life, liberty, and property, and state laws can create additional interests protected by the due process clause."), citing Ky. Dept. of Corrs. v. Thompson, 490 U.S. 454, 460 (1989).

Due to legislative immunity, laziness and ineptness of our legislative branches of government, administrative and regulatory law has become our fourth headless branch of government.
Our elected legislators have delegated to various governmental agencies the ability to create rules and laws to govern its citizens. This delegation of responsibility has systematically eroded our checks and balances provided by the United States Constitution.

When citizen’s rights are violated by these agencies, citizens must exhaust all administrative remedies before entering the judicial process.  The cost and burden to affirm citizen right’s then unfairly shifts to the citizen to prove the law violates U.S constitutional guarantees.

As a Racine County Circuit Court judge, you will have a compelling interest to protect the rights of the citizen, and recognize the higher law is the constitution.

Agency/Regulatory Law:
“Driving privileges once issued by the state become tangible property of that of the person” - SCOTUS
The U.S. Supreme Court has time and time again recognized that driver’s privileges once issued by the state qualify as tangible property interests protected by due process.

ISSUE: (reflective of all governmental agencies)
The DMV illegally and regularly suspends driving privileges without due process for such benign offenses as a single parking ticket.

As a Racine County Circuit Court Judge, how will you administer agency/regulatory laws when existing laws not only ignore, but also violates the citizens federally protected rights?


Because a law exists does not insure that the law is constitutional, ethically or morally just.  Nor does a mere existence of a law comport that the law will be free of irrational, arbitrary or capricious elements.

The Doctrine of the Lessor Magistrate;
When the superior or higher civil authority makes an unjust/immoral law or decree, the lesser or lower ranking  civil authority has both the right and duty to refuse obedience to that superior authority. If necessary, the lower authority may even actively resist the superior authority.

Question; If a law presents itself in your court which fails to abide by the United States Constitution, or is ethically or morally unjust, how will you proceed with the case?


Issue; (Real Case In Racine County)
Abuse of power;
The County of Racine County recently attempted to extort money from a Racine County citizen for violating ordinance 20-11, Racine County Circuit Court case # 2014FO000446. The case involved a citizen keeping bees on her property. The summons and complaint was unsigned and there was no scriveners affidavit filed into court records. Despite the existence of the defective complaint, Racine County Corporation Counsel Michael Landzorf  continued to prosecute the case.  The case went to trial in front of Judge Wayne Marik on 2-04-2015.

Racine County ordinance 20-11 reads as follows;
It shall be unlawful to construct, develop or use any structure, or develop or use any land, water or air in violation of any of the provisions of this ordinance or order of the planning and development committee or board of adjustment. In case of any violation, the board of supervisors, the corporation counsel, the director of planning and development, the manager of code administration, the planning and development committee, any municipality, or any owner of real estate within the district affected who would be specifically damaged by such violation may institute appropriate legal action or proceedings to enjoin a violation of this chapter, or seek abatement or removal. In addition, those actions commenced on behalf of the county may seek a forfeiture or penalty as outlined herein.
Every structure, fill or development placed or maintained on floodlands in violation of this chapter is a public nuisance; and this creation thereof may be enjoined and maintenance thereof may be abated by an action instituted by the county or any citizen who lives in or within five hundred (500) feet of the floodland.
Unless there is clear evidence that a parcel is being rented or used by someone other than the owner, said owner remains responsible for compliance with this chapter.

After reviewing this case, list all that is wrong with this case and how you would properly administer cases like this as a Racine County Circuit Court judge?

Victimless crime and the 2nd. amendment;
The ATF makes no accommodations for a citizen to file an application, register or make payment of a silencer tax AFTER the purchase of a silencer.
18 USC § 922(k), (o) & (v); 26 USC § 5861

Possession of a silencer is legal, as owning a car. However, the registration,  licensing  and application processes greatly differ between the two products. RCC believes that the ATF has infringed upon the citizens rights of the 2nd Amendment.

With the purchase or possession of a car, governmental agencies provide a window of opportunity to properly register and pay taxes after the purchase. With the purchase or possession of a silencer, the ATF requires an application, registration and tax paid to the government prior to a citizen taking legal possession of a silencer.

Under ATF agency law, after the purchase of a silencer, no window of opportunity exists for a citizen to become compliant for the legal possession of a silencer, even though the silencer is legal to possess.

The ATF written law regarding silencers is arbitrary, irrational and capricious based on unfounded fears of the illegal use of a silencer.

The mere possession of a silencer whether on or off a firearm without registration is a felony. Yet you can possibly kill someone with the possession/use of a car, whether registered or unregistered and receive no summons or complaint.

In the year of 2013, there were no attributed deaths in the United States by the possession or use of registered and unregistered silencers on firearms.
In the same year of 2013, there were 32,719 deaths incurred in the United States by the possession/use of registered and unregistered motor vehicles- source, Fatality Facts - Insurance Institute for Highway Safety

Statistics leads you to the conclusion that the stigma the government has placed on a silencer is unwarranted.

Questions; What does the 2nd. Amendment mean to you?
Do you support the current ATF law as currently written for silencers? If so, why? or If not, Why?
How will you protect the citizen’s 2nd amendment rights as a Racine County Circuit Court Judge?


Thank you for your consideration.

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Your Vote Counts
Racine County Circuit Court elections
Tuesday, April 7th 2015

 Judicial elections for 
Racine County Circuit Court 
are 2 weeks from today.

Branch 6……. Hanson vs. Paulson, 
Paulson vs. Hanson

Patricia Hanson                                                              David Paulson


In branch 6, the public has two good outstanding choices for judge between Tricia Hanson and David Paulson.  Both candidates possess extensive experience and wisdom which currently reflect well in the courtroom.

RCC believes Hanson and Paulson as an elected judge would have the credentials and capability to effectively manage a Racine County Circuit Court case to a proper resolution.

Tricia Hanson is currently Deputy District Attorney for the Racine County District Attorney’s office. Tricia Hanson is also involved in numerous civic activities.

David Paulson has served as municipal Judge for the Village of Caledonia for 33 years. David Paulson also maintains a private law practice, and has mediated over 1200 cases.

Read more @

RCC is vetting* both candidates and will announce our recommendations shortly.

A thorough and diligent review of a prospective person or project prior to a hiring or investment decision.

Monday, March 23, 2015

According to Racine Police, Mr. Sillas was located on Taylor Avenue and refused to surrender to police. Police attempted crisis intervention, Mr. Sillas shot himself and died Monday night. 
Police restrained themselves and did not fire any weapons during the Taylor Avenue incident. 
No one was injured during the episode, there were no public injuries, no police injuries during the 24 hour ordeal.  Damage was limited to property damage and the cost to the taxpayers of dealing with the incident. 

Shop the Pig
 “Shop Shoot the Pig”   
@Piggly Wiggly in Union Grove, Wi.

An active shooter appeared at the Union Grove Piggly Wiggly on Sunday afternoon March 22nd. 2015. The shooter took aim at an officer, perhaps mistaking the officer as a pig, and fired several shots at a Racine County Sheriff Deputy. 

Apparently Mr. Sillas wasn’t aware that hog hunting in the Union Grove Piggly Wiggly parking lot was illegal. When the Sheriff deputy returned fire, the shooter apparently realized his mistake,  ran north into a residential neighborhood where deputies lost sight of the armed assailant.

It appears that the sheriff deputy(s) did not immediately pursue the shooter in the parking lot and instead the deputy(s)
One could surmise that the officers were instructed to remain safe at the scene until help arrived.

Back up law enforcement arrived at the scene from the following communities to join in the manhunt;
City of Racine,
Village of Caledonia,
Village of Mount Pleasant,
Kenosha County Sheriff Office
State Patrol
Air One search helicopter from Winthrop Harbor, Illinois.

RCC counted over 40 squad cars in the Union Grove area at around  5:30 pm on Sunday night.

RCC surmises that the Racine Sheriff Department did not like its officers being mistaken as pigs. RCC further surmises that RCSD responded to the attack in the darkness of night by launching a massive Texas style coon hunt, complete with a chopper and hunting dogs.

Sillas proved elusive and eluded the police during Sunday evening and night.  In fitting Piggly Wiggly style, neighborhood residents squealed on Sillas as he ran through their back yards by calling 911. The 40 plus man hunting team consisting of a SWAT team, patrol members, and K-9 units continued into the next day without finding their prey.

In Boston bombing tradition, the Racine County Sheriff office on Sunday night and Monday morning sent a recorded phone message to Union Grove landlines informing the residents to remain inside their homes with their doors locked and report any suspicious activity.

Despite the sheriff's warnings, several Union Grove residents did not give way to fear and continued to go about their  business as usual,  some with the exception of arming themselves.

Sillas has now been taken into custody as of Monday afternoon.

Authorities identified the armed assailant as Stantavious Armond Sillas, AKA Stan Sillas, a black man who is 5 feet 11 inches tall and 185 pounds. Before being apprehended on Monday afternnon, Sillas was last seen at Piggly Wiggly wearing a black hooded sweatshirt (hoodie) , dark clothing and running like hell. 

According to authorities, “Stan” has a criminal record. Stan should not have been carrying a weapon (Imagine that).

Numerous online comment experts has already determined that “Stan” was abused as a child, including naming your child Stantavious Armond Sillas is the equivalent of child abuse. (Kay Nine)

Perhaps Sillas is misunderstood and was just "goofing" around and rehearsing his skit as "Shooting Silly" the clown.

RCC thinks the back yard chicken law recently enacted by the City of Racine had more to do with Mr. Sillas’s recent criminal stint, with Sillas fleeing the Racine Community before becoming further hen pecked.

Click below to hyperlink Stan's WCCA court record 

Wednesday, March 18, 2015

Gene Gene
the Dancing Machine dead at 82
A Gong Show icon of the 70’s has passed into his phase of afterlife, dying on March 9th, 2015.
Eugene Patton, dancer and stagehand who worked for NBC studios in Burbank Ca., died from complications of diabetes at age 82.

Gene Gene the dancing machine work in TV at a time when life could be lived with zest, and we are not talking about soap.

Eugene Patton’s stage name, Gene Gene the dancing machine first became a television personality by dancing on The GONG Show.

Patton's first appearance was an attempt to kill time on the show, but he soon became a regular feature, twisting his feet and dodging objects thrown onstage as the studio audience cheered. 

Gong Show host Chuck Barris would cringe with delight and dance with Gene,  the whole audience would clap and applaud the spontaneous antics.

The Gong Show was an original reality TV talent contest, featuring new talent, such as the unknown comic, a comedian wearing a brown paper bag over his head as he danced and told jokes.

The Gong Show is best remembered as having absurdist humor and style, often rewarding the amateur participants with ridiculous or worthless prizes, with often times the prizes funnier than the skit.

To learn more about the bizarre and wacky 70's............

Click below;

In case you want more laughs, here is one uncensored !

RIP Gene !

Sunday, March 15, 2015

State vs. Kurt Hanson
Case # 2014CF0001505

AT RCC , we believe that no legal job is finished until the proper paperwork is done.

A defective complaint filed against Kurt Hanson is known to exist into the court system.

Did you know the first splinter-free toilet paper was introduced in 1930?  Yikes!

All court officials involved in this case should be mandated to use pre-1930 splintered toilet paper until a proper complaint is filed into the court system. 

Enjoy the following historical TP journey, complete with the sur- names of "john" and "crapper" !

Toilet Paper History – Complete Historical Timeline

50 B.C.
The Chinese first made paper with short lengths of bamboo and then later added cotton linen rags which were soaked in   water and pounded into swollen pulp. This was then formed into sheets and dried.
2nd Century
   105 A.D: Ts’ai Lun, a Chinese court official, has his name linked to the invention of paper. Most likely, Ts’ai mixed       mulberry bark, hemp, and rags with water, mashed it into pulp, pressed out the liquid, and hung the thin mat to dry in   the sun.
8th Century 
Arabs were known to make writing paper and were the first to use linen in the process.
12th Century 
Spain, France & Italy had papermaking mills.
13th Century 
Germany had papermaking mills.
14th Century
England recorded locations for papermaking mills. Rags were the principal raw material and they were in short supply, thus limiting growth.
   1391: The first toilet paper reported was used by the Chinese emperor. As a luxury item, only royalty had access to toilet paper. The paper was made in 2 ft x 3-ft sheets. The Bureau of Imperial Supplies began producing 720,000 sheets of toilet tissue per year.
15th Century
   1400-1600In Renaissance Europe, paper was in high demand by the educated and elite society. Paper thus became an essential commodity, but the demand was too great for the supply at the time. Rags were the principal raw material and in short supply.
16th Century
   1596: The Flushing Toilet was invented by Sir John Harrington, who was a British nobleman and godson to Queen Elizabeth I. He invented a valve that when pulled would release the water from the water closet and suggested flushing at least twice a day. Rumor has it that this is where the name the “John” originated.
17th Century
   1648Henry Crane emigrates from England and settles in Dorchester, Massachusetts. His great-grandson, Stephen Crane, is the first in the family to become a papermaker.
   1690: William Rittenhouse and William Bradford of Germantown, PA built the first North American papermaking mill at Wissahickon Creek, near Philadelphia, that used rags as the raw material. Rags were boiled, rinsed, and beaten to a pulp, then pressed to get the water out and dried to become paper. Thanks to a great deal of imagination and hard work, they successfully collected, separated, cleaned, and recycled old cloth rags to make America’s first writing. Among the many picturesque acres of Philadelphia’s Fairmont Park, there is a rare and unique treasure known as Historic Rittenhouse Town. It is the site of America’s first paper mill, established in 1690 by Wilhelm Rittenhausen. Today, 7 buildings remain, dating from the early 18th century until the end of the 19th century, including a barn which houses a papermaking studio, the original Rittenhouse Family Homestead, and the original Rittenhouse Homestead Bakehouse. The site is open to the public and offers many exciting programs that enrich interest and awareness of this important National Historic Landmark and all it has to offer. The paper mill structure unfortunatley no longer exists. The mill building was taken down sometime after Fairmount Park took control of the site in the late nineteenth century. In the mid-1990s, Historic RittenhouseTown Inc. hired archeologists to search for the site of the mill. The base of the second mill has been located and Historic RittenhouseTown Inc. hopes eventually to be able to expose part of the base of the mill and include this in historical interpretation of the site.
18th Century
   1700: Initially, colonial Americans used corncobs and leaves to cleanse where toilet tissue is used today. Then, when newspapers became available they were used. Also, the Sears catalog and the Farmers almanac were later used. The Almanac had a hole in it so it could be hung on a nail or string. The French Royalty used lace.
   1716Hemp was first used in an experiment as a raw material for paper making in Europe.
   1750In Holland the first mechanical rag beater was developed called the Hollander. It was a tube with a revolving roller inside that passed over knives. This cut the rags up for pulping.
   1775The first US paper money – Stephen Crane sells currency-type paper to engraver Paul Revere, who prints the American Colonies’ first paper money. Revere’s transaction is on display in the Crane Museum.
   1791Rags needed in US- The Second Congress of the US passed a resolution calling on the people for rags to keep the infant papermaking industry alive. Rags were deemed in short supply. Alexander Hamilton reported later that year that supply of rags was adequate.
   1798Rolls made instead of sheets- Nicholas-Louis Robert of France invented a machine that produces paper on an endless wire screen. The Frenchman patented the idea of matting the fabric fibers and joining the sheet on a moving wire belt through which excess water could drain away. His machine would make continuous rolls rather tan sheets. It became the Fourdrinier. Fifty years later, papermakers began successfully using wood fiber to make paper, a process that was introduced in the United States in the early 1900s.
19th Century 
   1800Matthias Hoops published a treatise on papermaking written on paper made from straw, leaves, wood and other vegetable products.
   1801Crane is founded by Zenas Crane, Henry Wiswall and John Willard; the original one-vat mill has a daily output of 20 posts (1 post = 125 sheets). Crane runs its first newspaper ad, asking ladies to save their household rags for papermaking.
   1803The Fourdrinier brothers in England improved the Nicholas Louis Robert continuous roll papermaking machine and made the Fourdrinier papermaking machine, which is still the heart of the paper and pulp industry
   1810The US census reported 179 mills in 17 states with an output of 3,000 tons. But the supply of rags was not sufficient to fuel the growth and demand for paper. European imports of rags became very expensive.
   1815European papermakers were flooding the US with exports of paper & rags, making high profits because of the lack of supply of rags in the US. This hurt the US papermaking industry.
   1819The silent valve was patented by Albert Giblin in England. This allowed a toilet to be flushed more efficiently. Albert worked for Thomas Crapper who had a successful plumbing business. It is most likely that Thomas bought the patent from Albert and then marketed the toilet himself from 1861-1904. (Toilet is a French word meaning ‘the act of washing, dressing and preparing oneself’)
   1820The US census reported only 108 mills in operation compared to 179 ten years earlier. The newly invented cylinder-mould machine replaces hand-forming. In Boston, Governor Strong uses Crane paper for executive proclamations and state documents.
   1822A US tariff was implemented to help the papermakers in the US. From here on, the industry grew steadily into its world dominance of today.
   1840Mechanical Process for making wood pulp- The development of the wood grinder for making ground wood now called pulp. This process grinds the wood in revolving grinders. There is little chemical change and the resulting pulp contains practically all the original cellulose constituents of the original wood. This pulp cannot be bleached and is used where color is unimportant, such as newsprint.
   1844Money Paper- Crane patented a method to embed silk threads into banknote paper to foil counterfeiters. The direct descendant of this idea can be seen in the embedded security thread in today’s U.S. currency. It was patented in 1991 by Tim Crane, a member of the sixth generation
   1854Wood pulp first used- Practical results of making paper from wood pulp were first obtained. Mechanical wood pulp or groundwood, as the new pulp was called, was used to supplement the supply of rags, and the mixture of rags and wood pulp produced a paper suitable for the times.
   1856In 1856, the English started to use corrugated paper for sweatband linings in stovepipe hats. Albert L. Jones, a New York City inventor, in 1871 was the first to use corrugated as a packing material for shipping kerosene-lamp chimneys and other glass. Goodbye sawdust and straw – over the next two decades cardboard evolved into today’s familiar sandwich, corrugated stuffing between two layers of linerboard. * see note below
   Late 1800’s: The public’s demand for better hygiene coincided with improvements in residential and commercial indoor plumbing.
   1857New Yorker Joseph Gayetty introduced the first packaged Toilet Tissue in the United States. The Gayette Firm, located in New Jersey, produced and sold a package of 500 sheets selling for $0.50 It was named “Therapeutic Paper” and served as a medical paper. It contained an abundance of aloe to help cure sores. Joseph’s name was printed on each sheet!
   1866In 1866, an American named Benjamin Tilghman developed the sulfite pulping process. This process used sulphurous acid to dissolve the liqueous constituents of wood, leaving a residual of cellulose fibers. The first mill using this process was built in Sweden in 1874 and this became the dominant pulping process until 1937.
   1870There were eight ground-wood mills in the US. Mills were mostly in New England because of large supplies of spruce pulpwood there. In the 1890’s, mills were being erected in the Lake States region because of the supply of spruce and balsam.
   1870Elegant women’s stationery from Europe becomes the rage in America. Zenas Crane Jr. travels to Europe to learn the techniques. Soon, Tiffany, Bailey, Banks & Biddle, Marshall Field’s and Shreve, Crump & Lowe all carry Crane stationary paper.

   1872Charles Benjamin Clark, a 28-year-old Civil War veteran, recruits John A. Kimberly, Havilah Babcock and Frank Shattuck to build a paper mill in Wisconsin. They began producing newsprint from linen and cotton rags on October 22, 1872. Rags were cut up by machines and boiled for 14 hours. Then the rags were steamed, pressure washed, and rinsed for 5 hours. The rags were then bleached, drained and then beaten to make pulp. More bleaching added whiteness.
   1873W. Murray Crane receives a challenge from Winchester Arms Company of New Haven, Connecticut, to develop a strong, thin wrapping for repeater rifle bullets. This lucrative contract carries Crane through the recession of the 1870s. Other innovations around this time include a substitute for parchment, sheepskin for diplomas, and special thin paper for Bibles.
   1874Brothers Thomas Scott, Irvin Scott, Clarence Scott; and their cousins Thomas Seymore and Zerah Hoyt, establish The Scott Paper Company is established in Philadelphia, PA.
   1878API, the American Paper Institute, was first formed as the American Paper Makers Association in 1878. Five years later, it was reorganized and renamed the American Paper Manufacturers Association. A wood pulp division was added in 1887 and in 1897 the organization was again renamed as the American Paper and Pulp Association (APPA). This name lasted for the next 66 years.  Today, the group is part of the American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA), which was formed in 1993.
   1879W. Murray Crane wins heated competition for U.S. currency paper. He later becomes Governor of Massachusetts and a U.S. Senator.
   1880US – There were now 40 ground-wood mills in America.
   1880Great Britain- The British Perforated Paper Company produced toilet paper.
   1882: Sweden first used the sulfite pulping process on a commercial basis.
   1883: German inventor Carl Dahl discovered adding sodium sulfate to the caustic soda pulping process produced a very strong pulp. This was called the Kraft process; Kraft means strong in German. During the early 1900’s, the Kraft process became the most important pulping process due to its several distinct advantages. First, the chemicals used to dissolve the lignin were recoverable and tremendous amounts of energy were produced during the recovery process. The process could also pulp pine trees, a predominant forest species in the United States. The Kraft process allowed the United States to become a major producer of paper products; Kraft paper makes paper bags and heavy wrapping.
   1890: The manufacture of sulfite wood pulp was first commercially accepted in the US. This process involved cooking wood chips in an acid, chiefly bisulfite of lime, at high temperature and high pressure. This pulp can be bleached white. Sulfite pulp is very stable and the bleached pulp is good for writing, tissue, book and wrapping papers as well as food containerboard. Unbleached sulfite pulp is used in newsprint.
   1890Toilet Paper on a roll was introduced by the Scott Paper Company and quickly becomes the nation’s leading producer of TP. Scott bought large rolls of paper from paper manufacturers and then converted them to become toilet paper on a small roll. The TP was sold through intermediaries, private labelers and drug stores. Scott private labeled the wrappers and cut the paper according to the specification that each reseller wanted. Scott did not want to be associated with this Victorian era “unmentionable” product. The owners did not want their name on the product. The strategy worked and Scott expanded – Scott soon had over 2,000 reselling customers.
   1896Arthur Scott joins Scott and argues that controlling their brand and product specifications is the best strategy rather than selling through resellers.
20th Century
   1900Soda pulp mills were erected in the US. These mills cooked wood chips in caustic soda and this pulp is chiefly used in treating short-fibered hardwoods such as aspen, gum, and poplar. Soda pulp is primarily mixed with sulfite pulp to make printing papers.
1902: The Waldorf brand was a big seller in Philadelphia by a paper jobber, Albert DeCernea. Arthur Scott, the son of Irvin, convinced his father Scott paper should control their own brands and product specifications. Scott therefore bought this private label and this began their first venture into controlling their own brand. By 1921 the Waldorf brand was 64% of Scott’s sales.
   1901Northern Paper Mills from Green Bay Wisconsin is established and introduces Northern Tissue to be used as a sanitary tissue. It is 1,000 sheets of tissue, each 4×10 inches. Each bundle has a wire through it so it can be hung from a nail.
   1904Over 1,300 wood grinders were in operation in the US now. Additionally, over 300 digesters produced sulfite pulp and over 200 digesters produced soda pulp.
   1907Scott introduces Scott paper towels. The Sani-towels became the first disposable paper towel in America used in Philadelphia schools to help prevent the spread of common colds.
   1910Scott begins to manufacture its own toilet paper. In order to control the standards and quality of the tissue, Scott built its own first manufacturing plant in Chester, PA to make paper. They began making large 72″ parent rolls of tissue and cutting them to smaller rolls. The small rolls were either 650 or 1,000 perforated sheets. The roll of 1,000 sheets sold for $.10 and it was considered a medical item.
Papermakers imported large quantities of wood pulp from Canada because of supply demands.
The Sulfate process to make pulp first appeared. This helped the US papermaking industry make pulp from the domestic southern pine located in the Southern states instead of importing pulp all the way from Canada. This process is used to pulp long-fibered woods. It is a modification of the soda process where sodium sulfite is substituted for caustic soda. It accelerates the pulping process and requires less heat and pressure.
   1911Scott eliminates all private-label manufacturing. Scott’s ‘Sno-tissue was renamed ScotTissue. This marked the beginning of the complete concentration on Scott brands and Scott Tissue. They no longer sold through resellers.
   1915Kimberly Clark begins producing absorbent cellulose wadding called Cellucotton. This is to be used as a bandage material in WW1 and army nurses begin adapting this material for menstrual use.
   1918: Kimberly Clark prepares to sell Cellucotton for use in WW I, but the war ends. The project later leads to the development of Kleenex.
   1919Fort Howard Paper Company established in Green Bay Wisconsin.
   1920KC forms the company Cellucotton Products to market Kotex sanitary napkins. The KC Company owners are afraid to associate with this ‘unmentionable’ product. Kotex is first advertised in ‘Ladies home journal’ in 1921 but the ad is restricted in explaining the products use. Also, Northern Mills introduces toilet tissue on a roll and claims to be the largest producer of bath tissue in the world.
   1924Kleenex is introduced by Cellucotton and first marketed to women as a disposable towel to use when removing cold cream. (In 1930 the marketing changed to be ‘a disposable handkerchief’ instead of a cold cream remover). Cold cream was commonly used to protect their skin while riding in the open convertibles. Most of the six million autos were open touring cars. Because Kotex had a slow start, they had excess capacity in the Kotex facility and needed to find a use for the Kotex product. The project leader took the heavy creped Kotex material and ‘ironed’ it to become soft, flat and smooth.
   1927Georgia Pacific was founded by Owen R. Cheatham as a wholesale lumber company. By 1941 it becomes the largest supplier of lumber to the US armed forces.
  1928: Crown Zellerbach is established and is a forerunner in the paper & pulp industry. Also, Charmin is introduced by Hoberg Paper in Green Bay, WI. The logo was a woman’s head on a cameo pin and was designed to appeal to the woman’s fashions of the day. A female employee remarked that the design was ‘charming’ and hence the name Charmin was born.
   1929Kleenex tissues in a pop-up dispenser box are introduced.
   1930Northern Toilet Paper is hailed as ’splinter-free’ toilet paper.
   1931Scott makes ScotTowels, the first paper roll towel. They market using ‘Mr. Thirsty Fibre” for absorbency, wet-strength and economy.
   1932: Charmin introduced its 4-roll package, making a convenient bundle purchase for shoppers.
   1939: Scott Brand claims to be the largest producer of toilet tissue in the world. Also, Capacity in the US for sulfate pulp was 3,368,460 tons annually. Sulfite pulp capacity was 2,524,950 tons.
   19422-ply toilet paper was introduced by St. Andrews Paper Mill in England. Before this toilet tissue was one-ply and not very soft.
   1943Scott launches Scotties facial tissue to compete with Kleenex.
   1948“Fluffy” the Northern cub appears in advertising.
   1950Kimberly Clark introduces Delsey toilet tissue. Also, the Hoberg Company changes its name to Charmin Paper Products.
   1953Charmin Baby Born is introduced and takes the place of the Charmin Lady. Also, Marathon Corp buys Northern Mills.
   1954: Northern introduces colored toilet tissue.
   1955: Scott advertises toilet tissue on TV for the first time.
   1956: Kimberly Clark advertises Kleenex on TV on the Perry Como show. Also, The “Charmin babies your skin” ad campaign begins.
   1957: Procter & Gamble acquires Charmin Company. Also, Georgia Pacific enters the paper and pulp business. American Can buys Marathon Corporation (formerly Northern Mills) and Dixie Cup.
   1964Mr. Whipple pushes Charmin toilet paper & appears for more than 20 years on TV, print and radio. The real Mr. Whipple was the president of the Benton & Bowles advertising agency. He came up with “Please don’t squeeze the Charmin” ad campaign. He sold the rights to Procter and Gamble for $1. Dick Wilson was a vaudeville actor that played the part in the TV ad. Mr. Whipple was the third most recognized name in the US behind Richard Nixon and Billy Graham. Also, Charmin adds perfume to their one-ply toilet tissue.
   1968Kimberly Clark introduces disposable diapers named Kimbies. This became Huggies in 1978.
   1969James River Company is established in Richmond, Virginia, the James River Valley.
   1970: Charmin television commercials featured former Knots Landing star Joan Van Ark and Charlotte Rae from the sitcom The Facts of Life.
   1972: Cottenelle Toilet Paper is introduced by Kimberly Clark.
   1973: Charmin patents a process to make paper softer. Through air-drying, it fluffs up the paper instead of the conventional method that squeezes paper flat.
   1974: Northern Paper Towel changed its name to Brawny.
   1979: Georgia Pacific acquires Hudson Paper and introduced the ‘Sparkle’ brand.
   1986: Georgia Pacific enters Premium Toilet Tissue market with Angel Soft. Also, to meet consumer demands, Charmin introduced unscented Charmin and Charmin Free products (free of inks, dyes, and perfumes).
   1990: Kleenex Premium TP is introduced.
   1992The US Government requires toilet designs flush using much less water. This new design parameter creates a condition where the ‘flushability’ of toilet paper is important.
   1993: Charmin Ultra is introduced as an upgrade. Also, Charmin Plus with Lotion and Aloe is introduced. Also, Northern Tissue re-launched as Quilted Northern.
   1994Charmin introduced the “Big Squeeze,” a 9-roll pack, and the Double Roll, which contains twice as many sheets as a regular roll, to keep pace with consumers’ needs.
   1995: Kimberly Clark and Scott Paper merge. Also, Watermarked US currency: Crane begins producing watermarked paper for newly redesigned U.S. currency. Lansing E. Crane, a sixth generation Crane family member, is named CEO.
   1997: James River and Fort Howard merge to become Fort James Corp. Purely Cotton toilet paper is introduced and made from 100% of cotton and water, no wood. This from a new Seattle based company. Also, Charmin Triple Roll was introduced. Charmin continued its soft and strong heritage, and was able to fit on a standard bathroom roll holder.
   1999Charmin introduces a new papermaking process. Its ‘Structured’ papermaking process makes paper softer, more absorbent and stronger. Also, a Paperless toilet is introduced in Japan. It is complete with a washing/rinsing mechanism, a blow-drying component and a heating element.
21st Century
   2000Georgia-Pacific acquires Fort James and the brands Brawny, Quilted Northern and Dixie.
   2001: Introduced by Kimberly Clark on January 16, Cottenelle Fresh Rollwipes are America’s first and only dispensable pre-moistened wipe on a roll. Also, that year Charmin purchased Moist Mates, on May 7, claiming to introduce the first pre-moistened bath tissue. They call it Charmin Fresh Mates.
   2003Annual global sales on toilet tissue exceed $19 billion. The four major attributes are softness, absorbency, strength and value.
   2005Cheap-Chic-Weddings.Com hosts its First Annual Wedding Dress Contest.  To enter, applicants must submit pictures of themselves in a wedding dress made entirely out of toilet paper, glue, and tape.  The contest continues to be highly anticipated event every year, with the level of competition getting stiffer every year.
   2008Decemeber – Marcal Paper Products, LLC announces the launch of their new brand of eco-friendly and recycled paper products, Small Steps.  All of the products in the line (toilet paper, paper towels, facial tissue, napkins, etc) are made from 100% recycled material and contain a high percentage of post-consumer recycled content.
   2009August – Cuba declares it may run out of toilet paper by the year’s end.  The communist nation’s economy struggled to recover from the hit of 3 massive hurricanes.  This situation caused their rough economic situation to cripple even worse; leaving the government strapped to pay for basic necessity imports, like toilet paper.
   2011April – Students Set World Record for Folding Paper A group of students from St. Marks School in Massachusetts set a new World Record for folding paper, with toilet paper purchased at!
   2012January – ToiletPaperWorld starts selling Centerpull Toilet PaperApril – Brown toilet paper debuts from Cascades, July – First Hello Kitty and Kiss Printed Toilet Paper Revealed, November – World’s first Toilet Theme Park opens in South Korea
   2013: January – Ancient Roman artifacts (ceramic disks – known as pessoi) thought to be early gaming pieces may actually have been used as a form of toilet paper. Read the ABC News article on Ancient Roman toilet paper.
March – A Finnish toilet paper company, Metsa Tissue, was trying to convey messages about love and joy but accidentally included Bible verses on their rolls. The company, whose toilet rolls regularly feature witty quotes, poetry or philosophical messages, said it would continue the product line but with more stringent vetting.
April – Venezuela’s Toilet Paper Crisis impacts the country, prompting a 50 million roll purchase to appease the distraught nation. “State-controlled prices” and “anti-government forces” are being sited as causes of the country-wide supply shortage.